Scholarly Articles and Book Chapters

  “From Diverse Campuses to Integrated Campuses:  How Can We Tell If We Are ‘Walking the Walk’?”   Chapter 2 of The Future of Diversity (Daniel Little and Satya Mohanty, eds.).  New York:  Palgrave-McMillan (2010).

  “Turning our Backs on the New Deal:  The End of Welfare in 1996,” (coauthored with Sheldon Danziger).  Chapter 21 of Race, Poverty, and Domestic Policy (C. Michael Henry, ed.).  New Haven:  Yale University Press (2004).

  “The Evolving Language of Diversity and Integration in Discussions of Affirmative Action from Bakke to Grutter,” Chapter 2 of Defending Diversity.  Ann Arbor:  University of Michigan Press (2004).

  “Welfare” (coauthored with Sheldon Danziger), in The Oxford Companion to American Law (Joel Grossman, ed.).  Oxford:  Oxford University Press  (2002).

  “Desperately Seeking a Voice,” 33 University of Toledo Law Review 103 (2001).

  “Saying No to Stakeholding,” (coauthored with Deborah Malamud), 98 Michigan Law Review 1482 (2000) [takes a few seconds to download]..

  “Benefits, Opportunities Decline for Current Welfare Recipients,”(coauthored with Sheldon Danziger), Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy 6 (Winter 1997).

  “Neighborhood Effects and Federal Policy” (coauthored with Timothy Smeeding).  Chapter 11 of Neighborhood Poverty:  Context and Consequences for Children, Volume 1, (J. Brooks-Gunn, G.J. Duncan, J.L. Aber, eds.).  New York:  Russell Sage Foundation Press (1997).

  “How Will Welfare Recipients Fare in the Labor Market?” (coauthored with Sheldon Danziger), Challenge (March-April 1996).

  “Ending Welfare as We Know It:  Values, Economics, and Politics” (coauthored with Sheldon Danziger), published online, (Cambridge, Mass: The Electronic Policy Network, 1995 [, link no longer active]), excerpted in “Recalibrating the Balance:  Reflections on Welfare Reform,” 37 Law Quadrangle Notes (No. 4, 1994).

  “Updating Urban Policy.”  Chapter 9 of Confronting Poverty: Prescriptions for Reform (Sheldon Danziger, Gary Sandefur, & Daniel Weinberg, eds.) Cambridge: Harvard U. Press (1994).

  “The Many Contexts of Welfare Reform.”  26 University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform No. 4 (Summer 1993).

   “Law School Support for Community-Based Economic Development in Low-Income Urban Neighborhoods,” (coauthored with Rochelle E. Lento), 42 Journal of Urban and Contemporary Law 65 (May 1992).

  “Tax Expenditure Budgets: A Critical View,” (coauthored with Douglas A. Kahn), 54 Tax Notes 1661 (March 30, 1992); reprinted in The International Library of Essays in Law and Legal Theory, Tax Law, Vol. II  (White, P. ed., 1995); excerpted in Fred Peel & Philip Oliver, Readings and Materials on Tax Policy (Foundation Press 1996) and in Paul Caron, Karen Burke, and Grayson McCouch, Federal Income Tax Anthology 1997 (Anderson Publishing 1997).

  “The Distribution of Benefits from Prepaid Tuition Programs: New Empirical Evidence About the Effects of Program Design on Participant Demographics.”  Chapter 3 of Prepaid College Tuition Plans in the United States: Promise and Problems (Michael Olivas, ed.).  New York: College Board (1993).

  “To Conceptualize, To Criticize, To Describe, To Improve: Understanding America’s Welfare State,” 101 Yale Law Journal 685 (December 1991) [takes a few seconds to download].

  “Social Irresponsibility, Actuarial Assumptions, and Wealth Redistribution: Lessons About Public Policy from a Prepaid Tuition Program,” 88 Michigan Law Review 1035 (April 1990) [takes quite a few seconds to download]..

  “Is There Life for Erie After the Death of Diversity? (coauthored with Peter Westen), 78 Michigan Law Review 311 (January 1980) [takes quite a few seconds to download].

  “To Extract a Connected Object of Arbitrary Shape from Its Background By Decision Tree Method (coauthored with S.C. Wu and J.M.S. Prewitt), Proceedings of the 1978 IEEE Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Processing 352 (78 CH1318-5C May-June 1978) [takes quite a few seconds to download].